Nothing in the universe is constant except change – if a certain Greek philosopher called Heraclitus of Ephesus is to be believed.
Change is why the world has reached where it is today and where it will be in times to come.
Technology is no different and it is changing at a rapid pace, which at times is difficult to keep up with.
But, keep up with it, we have to, because it makes the world a better place to live in, or at least holds the promise to.
Here’s a look at the top five technology trends that are expected to make a huge impact on our lives in 2019 and would be in our interest to keep abreast with.
Artificial Intelligence and Data Science
Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Data Science are the buzzwords in technology today.
Data science is being increasingly used in the AI domain.
Machine learning, which is a subset of AI, needs a lot of the skills that a data scientist possesses, such as knowledge of Python coding, data passing, building mathematical models and working with algorithms.
In today’s job scenario, data scientists are one of the most sought-after professionals in the AI domain because of their ability to build complex data models, use the right kind of data to train machine learning systems, work with algorithms, and make mathematical calculations.
Data scientists can also fine-tune the outcome of deep learning systems using statistics, probability and automation approach.
AI and data science have applications in virtually every industry today, including manufacturing, retailing, transportation, finance, and healthcare, to name a few.
So, if you happen to be looking for a lucrative career in this emerging area of technology, you should develop, if you haven’t already, basic knowledge of programming in any computer language, as well as mathematics and probability.
Knowledge of Python would be an added advantage simply because it’s preferred in a majority of AI projects.
Blockchain is the future of the internet and, as the name suggests, it is a continuously growing list of records called Blocks that contain information simple enough for an average person to understand, and they are linked and secured using cryptography.
Blockchain is the leading digital assets platform that records and controls monetary information and is the technology that is used to transact in Bitcoins – the world’s first cryptocurrency, believed to be the future of world economy.
Blockchain does have its benefits though; transparency for one because anyone with access to a Blockchain can view the entire chain.
Immutability is another strong point of Blockchain, as once data or transaction is recorded on a Blockchain it can’t be reversed.
There is absolutely no practical way of going back and changing or editing recorded data on the Blockchain.
Blockchain also promises enhanced security against data theft or misuse; plus, with data made available in one place, transactions can be executed at a much faster pace.
Reduced costs is another advantage of Blockchains.
While Blockchain has found a major foothold in the financial services industry, it is not limited to it, as it has several other potential applications, such as governance, insurance, retail, and healthcare.
The use of Blockchain is growing exponentially and businesses are in need of skilled professionals to gain that competitive edge.
So, to become a developer you need basic knowledge of Blockchain distribution systems; even if you are a non-technical person with basic knowledge in banking and finance, you can start a career in blockchain.
Internet of Things (IoT)
In the technology-driven world of today, Internet of Things, or IoT, is a hot topic.
Thanks to Wikipedia, one of the easiest to understand definitions of IoT is: “The Internet of things (IoT) is the network of devices, vehicles, and home appliances that contain electronics, software, actuators, and connectivity which allows these things to connect, interact and exchange data.”
From smart wearables to smart cities; from home to industries; IoT is making its presence felt virtually everywhere.
IoT applications include smart security solutions, smart home automation, smart healthcare, smart wearables, and in the not too distant future, we can expect to see IoT in city transportation systems, and even smart power grids.
Some of the popular development tools that can be used for IoT include Arduino, eclipse, and IBM Watson.
So, if you are fascinated by the internet and understand the basics of programming language like C, C++, and have a general idea of embedded systems, you definitely meet the major criteria for a career in the Internet of Things.
In today’s increasingly digital world, the threat of cyber attacks always looms large.
These attacks are usually aimed at accessing, changing, or destroying sensitive information, which makes it imperative for businesses to have effective cybersecurity measures in place in order to counter these threats.
Hence, there is a growing demand for trained professionals who can protect systems, data, and digital services from this clear and present danger.
Cybersecurity involves a combination of techniques to protect the integrity of networks, programs, and data from attack, damage, or unauthorized access.
It also represents the ability to defend against and recover from accidents like hard drive failures or power outages.
Some of the top trending cybersecurity technologies include threat intelligence, risk-based authentication, remediation, and IoT security.
Some of the top cybersecurity companies today are AppGuard, Cimcor, CyberArk, CyberGym and Delta Risk.
So, if you have a good understanding of computer networks or communication protocols you can start a career in cybersecurity technologies.
Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality
Virtual Reality, or VR, can be defined as the use of computer technology to create a simulated environment.
VR can be artificial such as an animated representation or an actual place that has been photographed and included in a VR application.
Using VR headsets, you can move around and look in every direction, be it up, down, sideways, or behind you.
Virtual reality can be experienced through VR-enabled headsets such as the Oculus Rift, HTC Vive, or Google Daydream.
With VR apps you can explore places you have never been to, such as the Martian surface, the top of Everest, or deep under the sea, to give a few examples.
Augmented Reality (AR), on the other hand, is an enhanced version of reality, created by the use of technology to add digital information on a real image or video.
AR apps use your phone’s camera to show you a view of the real world in front of you, superimposed with a layer of information like text or images on top of that view.
Both virtual reality and augmented reality offer enhanced experiences to users and can have many practical applications, like gaming, entertainment, travel, and education.
Here are some of the AR Categories with Examples of their Usage in apps.
- Augmented Reality in 3D viewer apps like ‘Augment,” and “Sunseeker.”
- Augmented Reality in Browsers like “ARGON4,” and “AR Browser SDK
- Augmented Reality Games, including the Niantic-developed “Pokémon Go,” and “ REAL STRIKE.”
- Augmented Reality GPS, like the “AR GPS Drive/Walk Navigation,” app.