There is no place in the world where delicious food is not made. However, a dish or preparation that appeals to one palate may not find favor with another person’s taste buds. Then again, you may find one exotic dish really delicious while another may not excite your culinary senses; however, if you are persistent enough to give it a few tries you may just develop a taste for it.
Cuisines vary the world over according to region, tradition, and culture. Often you will find that cuisines differ radically within the same country where different languages and cultures coexist and there can be no better example than that of India, where diversity in language and culture determines the diversity in cuisines.
Although cuisines are region, language, and culture specific, some cuisines have become truly global by way of tourism, immigration, and publicity – word of mouth and otherwise. Also, with significant advancements made in food production, preservation, storage, and shipping in the last century, people now have relatively easy access to cuisines from different countries, regions, and cultures.
Here’s a look at 5 world cuisines that can be considered genuinely global.
When we talk about Australian cuisine we are actually referring to multi-cultural cuisines including, but not limited to, European and Mediterranean cuisine, Thai and Indian curries, and the likes that have become as much influential in the Australian culinary scene as they have been in their native lands.
What is unique about Australian cuisine, though, is its extensive use of kangaroo, possum, ostrich, and crocodile meat.
Few iconic Australian delicacies
- Tim Tams
- Anzac biscuits
- Kangaroo and Mixed Veggie Stir Fry
- Australian prawns
- Australian meat pie
- Australian hamburger
- Fish and chips
As you travel across China you will discover different styles of Chinese cuisine specific to each region’s traditions, culture, produce, and climate and weather conditions.
Here are the five regions in China that boast the most dominant cuisines in the country.
Sichuan cuisine – Sichuan cuisine is a favorite with spice lovers. Special attention is given to balancing the flavor which is considered the foundation of the Sichuan style of cooking.
Shandong cuisine – Shandong cuisine is the earliest and most influential Chinese cooking dating back to the Ming dynasty. It is known for its variety of food styles and cooking methods. The dishes are salty and savory with tender and crispy textures.
Cantonese cuisine – It is the most popular cuisine in the U.S. and is known for its creativity using fresh ingredients. Master chefs are adept at manipulating the dishes according to seasonal and climatic changes.
Huaiyang cuisine – This style utilizes more sugar than any other Chinese cuisine and is known for its painstaking preparation to ensure a fine balance between flavor and unadulterated taste.
North Eastern cuisine – As it is from a region which is generally very cold, people are used to eating very hot dishes – temperature wise. Hence, techniques such as a casserole, hot pot, and roasting have developed over time. North Eastern cuisine is famous for its wild game dishes like rabbit and boar.
It has been said on countless occasions but I’ll go ahead and say it one more time – France is the undisputed gourmet capital of the world. The endless flavors of French cuisine cannot be expressed in words – it has to be experienced firsthand.
Olive oil, honey, lavender, and garlic are widely used in French cooking. Pasta, yogurt and hot chocolate also play a major role in the country’s culinary scene.
Although the list can go on and on, here are a few selections of dishes, one from each major region of the country.
- Bœuf bourguignon (beef stewed in red wine)
- Bouchée à la reine (Shell puff pastry with cream sauce and chicken)
- Choucroute garnie (sauerkraut with sausages, salt pork and potatoes)
- Crêpes (a very thin type of pancake, often eaten filled with sweet or savory fillings)
- Andouillettes (sausage made with chitterlings)
- Fondue Savoyard (fondue made with cheese and white wine into which cubes of bread are dipped)
- Aligot (mashed potatoes blended with young Tomme cheese)
- Cassoulet (made with beans, sausages, and preserved duck or goose)
- Aïoli (sauce made of garlic, olive oil, lemon juice, and egg yolks)
- Bourride (white fish stewed with vegetables and wine, garnished with aïoli)
Generally, Indian food is appreciated the world over for its variety and liberal use of herbs and spices. However, given the diversity of languages, traditions, culture, and religions across the length and breadth of the country Indian cuisines from different regions vary quite a bit from one another.
Indian cuisine can be broadly classified into the following types:
South Indian cuisine – Main Dishes include Dosa, Sambar, Idly, Rasam, Upma, Uttapam, Pulihora, Curd Rice, Poriyal, Koottu, Bonda.
Rajasthani cuisine – Main dishes include Dal Bati Churma, Boondo Raita, Gatte ki Khichdi, Laal Maas, Dil Khushal, Rajasthani Kadi, Mohan Maas, Ker Sangri.
Punjabi cuisine – Main dishes include Butter Chicken, Sarson Ka Saag Aur Makki Ki Roti, Tandoori Chicken, Chole Bhature, Masala Channa, Dal Makhani, Machchli Amritsari,.Paneer Tikka, .Murgh Malaiwala.
Mughlai cuisine – Main dishes include Mutton/Chicken Biryani, , Mughlai Paratha, Shahi Tukda, Mutton Seekh Kebab, Roghni Naan, Nargisi Kofta, Mutton Kadai, Murg Malai Kebab, Chicken/Mutton Korma.
Kashmiri cuisine – Main dishes include Kashmiri Dum Aloo, Kashmiri Mutton Biryani, Kashmiri Chicken Pulao, Kashmiri Rajma, Yakhni, Naat Yakkhn (Yogurt Lamb), Neni Rogan Josh, Rogan Josh.
Gujarati cuisine – Main dishes include Khandvi, Gujarati Samosa, Undhiyu, Aam Shrikhand with Mango Salad, Gujarati Kadi, Dhokla, Bardoli ki Khichdi, Methi Ka Thepla, Dal Dhokli, Handvo.
Bengali cuisine – Dimer Dhokkar Dalna and Luchi, Bhapaa Aloo, Chingri Malai Curry, Sorsebata Ilish Mach, Bengali Lamb Curry, Doi Maach, Baigun Bhajja, Patishapta, Sandesh, Chor Chori
Italian cuisine is among the oldest cuisines in the world and has evolved through centuries of cultural and political changes. Italian food is almost as popular as Chinese food the world over and has influenced many cuisines of the world particularly the United States.
Italian cuisine involves a variety of ingredients including fruits, meats, vegetables, sauces, fish, potatoes, rice, corn, and most importantly different types of cheeses in addition to many other regional ingredients.
Some delicious Italian preparations
Caprese Salad with Pesto Sauce – Juicy tomatoes and mozzarella cheese salad topped with freshly made pesto sauce.
Panzanella – Panzanella is a Tuscan bread salad, ideal for summer. It does not follow a particular recipe. but the two ingredients that do not change are tomatoes and bread. This salad is great with a chilled glass of Prosecco.
Pasta Carbonara – The original recipe calls for guanciale, which is pig’s cheek, but since it’s not easily available, the chef has used bacon instead.
Bruschetta – Country bread sliced and topped with different toppings – the evergreen tomato-basil and an inventive mushroom-garlic.
Focaccia Bread – Fresh dough is topped with caramelized onions, olives, tomato slices, basil leaves, grated parmesan cheese and baked delicious.
Mushroom Risotto – A plateful of buttery risotto with the goodness of mushrooms.
Pasta Con Pomodoro E Basilico – This is the most basic and simplest cooked pasta sauce, hence it is the benchmark of a good Italian home cook.
Panna Cotta With Raspberry Coulis – A dessert made with gelatine, cream, and milk. Chilled and served with whole raspberries and raspberry coulis. Panna Cotta, in Italian, means ‘cooked cream.’